“This metamorphosis requires that neutrinos have mass. The discovery has changed our understanding of the innermost workings of matter and can prove crucial to our view of the universe”.
Neutrinos are particles that whizz through the universe at almost the speed of light.
“Now, the experiments found out that the neutrinos had changed the identities”.
Art MacDonald, who established the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory in the 1990s, established that neurino have mass. He shares the prize with Takaaki Kajita of Japan. On the occasion of the death anniversary of Alfred Nobel on December 10th, The both winners will even get a gold medal and diploma at the annual award ceremony, along with the prize money. “The experiments have… revealed the first apparent crack in the Standard Model”.
“When you do not know whether they have mass, it’s otherwise hard to understand how to incorporate them into those theories that give us a more complete understanding of the world of physics at the most fundamental level”. Kajita and McDonald’s had discovered that the apparently missing sub-atomic particles had in fact changed identities.
Last year, the prize went to three Japanese-born researchers-Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura-for pioneering energy-efficient LED lighting, a weapon against global warming and poverty.
On Monday, the Nobel Committee announced the prize winners for medicine: scientists from Ireland, Japan and China.
Swedish industrialist Nobel created the prizes in 1895 to honor work in physics, chemistry, literature and peace.
The economics prize will wrap up this year’s Nobel season on Monday.
William Campbell from Ireland and Satoshi Omura from Japan shared the prize for their discovery of a new therapy for infections caused by roundworm parasites.